So, the sun is out and the fishing gear is calling to you. As spring brings out the bass, the fishermen naturally follow, but what are the best baits to ensure that your bass fishing is successful? If you can find a spot on the lakeside between February and May, you will want to ensure that your fishing tackle includes the very best bass lures that are available.
If you are fed up with seeing the same anglers year in year out with smiles on their faces and fish in their bags, then you need to do what they do. Choosing bait such as jigs, spinnerbaits and jerk baits will give you the best chance of coming home with a healthy stash. If you are choosing eal’ bait, lugworms, ragworms and peeler crabs work well for coastline fishing. However, as with all angling, keep your options open in terms of bait and location, patience is the key.
Bass in Spring
Anglers love to head for the water during the spring to try and entice these slippery devils into the net. Bass spawn in the spring, so it is a popular time to get out the fishing lures and wait in anticipation of a catch. However, the spawning means that spring bass behavior is erratic, as is their appetite. Generally, their appetite goes up in the spring as the water temperatures rise. Between the high fifties and low seventies is the optimum temperature for bass to feed, so once the water temperature reaches this level, the bass are out on the hunt for your spring bass baits. Although spring is not the hottest season in most places, if the water temperatures rise to the eighties or above, bass get grumpy and seek cooler temperatures in deeper waters. Keep moving around the water’s edge day by day as the bass may move to keep up with changes in water temperature. Also, if you want to catch a big fish, you need to use a big lure, so adjust the size of your bait accordingly.
Bass spawn in spring in three phases. These are:
Their behavior and feeding habits change according to these phases, and the phases are determined to some extent by the water temperature, so a keen angler will check the temperature of the water they are fishing in to assess the likely success of their bass fishing. As the water temperatures reach the mid-fifties, the bass will start to feed as they move from their winter retreats to the
warmer waters and begin to get their appetites back. The females are heavy with eggs and they are keen to move to a suitable spawning area.
This is a good time to employ your bass lures, but not the optimum angling time. The spawning phase which occurs when the water temperature reaches the mid-fifties to sixties signals a slowdown in the feeding process, but this hots up once spawning has occurred, reaching a peak about six weeks after spawning. As the fish seek to replenish their energy after spawning and seek food for their young, they are aggressively seeking food and your bass lures may prove irresistible.
This is an optimum time for bass fishing and you can be confident of finding plenty of bass in these conditions. The bass are swimming in shallow waters so make themselves visible and easier to catch.
Synthetic Bass Baits
- Yamamoto Senko – These little nibbles can be thrown into the water with no weight as the waters are shallow and once attached to the hook, they are a tasty snack for the bass. They are ideal for spring bass baits.
- Flipping Jig – This is another popular choice for spring bass baits. As bass can congregate round rocks or other cosy nooks, launch your flipping jig into the shallow waters around the rocks and watch the bass come running. Jigs are popular for bass anglers all year round, but especially during the busy bass season of spring.
- Square Bill Crankbait – This is a tasty tempting treat for a bass, so hold on to your rod when launching this fishing lure. Ensure that the bait hits the bottom of the lake and the bass will swarm towards it. Crankbait comes with a lip which aggravates the water to encourage the bass to swim towards the movement.
- Shaky Head – Angling with this bass bait is best achieved if the shaky head is on the bottom of the lake, as it bobs along the bottom, it mimics the feeding motion of regular live bass bait, and the bass will be delighted to spot it and dive in for the catch.
- Jika Rig – The jika rig bobs naturally in the water when used as bass bait, so is very appealing to the hungry bass. Watch it bob around in the water and wait for the bass to swoop in.
- Jerk Baits – This is a very versatile bass bait as it can be used all year around and in shallow and deep water. So, it is a good generic choice to lure the bass to your hook.
- Spinnerbaits – These colorful baits are very popular among bass anglers because of their extreme versatility. They can mimic the live fish’s movements and appear enticing to the hungry bass. They can be used in different depths of water from the surface to about ten feet deep, which is the depth of water that spring bass inhabit, so this is a good, versatile bass bait which works beautifully in the spring.
- Buzz baits – These bass baits are ideal for attracting bass to the surface of the water. However, as it sinks, the angler needs to keep the bait in motion to keep it on the top of the water, so this is for the more agile angler.
- eal’ Bait – When fishing offshore, the bass may be attracted to a tastier morsel of real bait. Successful fishermen suggest a variety of bass baits to ensure a healthy catch.
If you have chosen offshore fishing, choose an early morning or evening time to attract the most fish. The bass enjoy a tasty lugworm so this is a popular bait for successful anglers. Similarly, the lugworm is a good choice. However, the peeler crab is a favorite among many bass anglers. The scent of the crab lures the bass to your line and may prove irresistible to the silvery bass, enticing it towards your line, ready to be reeled in.
Some night time anglers have reported success using a sand eel or small butterfish and have noted ferocious activity
from the bass in response to this bait.
Once you have settled in your ideal location and tested the water temperature you can pick your rod and bait to suit the conditions. However, what else does the angler need to bear in mind in order to achieve the optimum catch? The clarity of the water is an important factor for the bass angler. If you see a ripe patch of water that is clear, choose a muted tone for your bait. Conversely, if the water is muddy, choose a bait that stands out a little more to entice the bass to the bait.
Having the lake and the bait is all well and good, but you need decent equipment to lure a bass. Rods and reels are obviously a vital element of the process! There is a myriad of rods on the market and it is up to you how much you spend on your equipment depending on how seriously you take your angling and how often you fish. Rods tend to snap, however sturdy they appear to be, so ensure you have adequate back-up in case of accidents. Snapped rods can be easily repaired, so don’t despair if you have an incident that damages your favorite rod. Bear in mind the weight of the bait you are using when selecting a rod, obviously a heavier bait requires a sturdier rod to carry the weight.
What type of water is best for bass fishing?
Bass angling is a versatile sport. Bass inhabit streams, rivers ponds and lakes as well as the open sea
Where in the world is the best bass fishing found?
Texas, California and Wisconsin all offer excellent opportunities for lake fishing for bass. The United States is a rich resource for spring bass fishing, so check the internet for the recommended locations. Brazil and Mexico offer perfect locations for a bass fishing
What is the best size hook for bass fishing?
The most popular size of hook for bass fishing is a 4/0.
What is spawning?
Spawning refers to the bass’ reproductive process. When the female is full of eggs, she finds a suitable est’ or ed’ to lay her eggs and the male fertilizes the eggs in the bed.
Should I keep the bass or release it?
The process of catching a bass for sport and then letting it go is called catch and release’. If you do not plan to eat the fish, catch and release is a way of ensuring that the bass population has optimum chance of thriving and ensures that there are plenty of fish for all
anglers to enjoy.